Temple of Edfu

Temple of Edfu

Temple of Edfu facts

We are going to talk about Temple of Edfu, but we start knowing about the city of Edfu.

What is the meaning of Edfu? Edfu know as the City of the Falcon God,

Is a city of approximately 60000 inhabitants, located on the west bank of the Nile,

More specifically between the cities of Esna and Aswan

This magnificent Egyptian city, surrounded by palm groves, desert, and suggestive granite mountains,

Has much to tell about its ancient past, beginning with the time when it served

As the important capital of one of the regions of Upper Egypt, and continuing to the present day.

The city prominence derived from two temples, which regarded second only to Dendera in terms of importance.

The major temple is in fine shape, while the smaller temple, which frequently incorrectly referred to

As Typhonium, seems to be an appendage to the larger one.

Several sculptures in it depict the birth and upbringing of the child-god Horus, whose parents Noum, or Kneph,

And Author instead revered in the greater temple complex.


Edfu Temple Guide

Amon Ra Tours organizes visits to Edfu that allow you to discover the mysteries and history of the city with an English-speaking guide.

This is one of the greatest classical Egypt tours available.

One of the most impressive ancient sites of worship in Egypt, the Temple of Horus,

Erected during the reign of King Tutankhamun on the foundations of older structures going back to the Old Kingdom.

It is one of the best-preserved ancient places of worship in the world.


Why is the Temple of Edfu important?

Moreover, the presence of an ancient burial ground, which dates back to the period of the Old Kingdom,

Is significant since it provides additional evidence of the site’s archaeological significance.

A visit to this beautiful city is a must during your vacation to Egypt, Special Offer from Egypt vacation packages

As it is one of the numerous relics and testimony of the ancient Egyptian civilization, can find across the region of Upper Egypt.

Who discovered the Temple of Edfu?

The temple of Horus, the god of life, which located in the heart of the city of Edfu and widely regarded

As the most impressive of all the temples along the Nile’s banks on the route from Luxor to Aswan widely regarded

Because of this, it is one of the necessary destinations if you are planning a Nile cruise,

Among the towns of Esna and Kom Ombo, among others.

Both the Temple of Edfu and the Temple of Esna constructed during the Greek-Roman era,

And as a result, they should regard as relatively modern structures.

Temple of Edfu


Horus Temple at Edfu

The Temple of Horus dedicated to the deity Horus of Behedet “Lord of Edfu”, know as landmark in edfu temple.

The temple oriented from south to north, is little more than 140 meters in length and covers an area of around 7000 square meters.

A visit to the Temple of Edfu will provide you with a better understanding of the building’s original look

When it constructed around 2000 years ago.

Visit the temple of Horus when taking a Nile cruise in Luxor or Aswan.

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Expedition to Egypt, sailing through the history of the Temple of Edfu.


Temple of Edfu History

Beginning in the nineteenth century, the community expanded partially inside the temple’s walls,

With some buildings even being constructed on the temple’s roof.

However, although the houses have demolished, the impacts of the former structures can still see

the original boundary of the settlement, which faces within the temple complex,

Which is several meters below the present ground level, can still see today.

Because it buried under the sand, the temple has survived in exceptionally fine condition.

Among the complex’s features is a pylon that constructed by Cleopatra’s father during the first century B.C.

Which leads to an inner courtyard and then to a hypostyle hall, which preceded by the sanctuary of Horus,

Which is the temple’s most significant structure.

Temple of Edfu
Temple of Horus plan


Temple of Horus Edfu

Every one of these structural features represents the Templar style that was popular during the New Kingdom

And may see in the ruins of other structures in the Luxor region and throughout the Nile Valley as show by their placement.

But the Temple of Horus Edfu has managed to retain its status

As one of the most complete and entire instances of this architectural type in existence.

As a result of its completeness and excellent condition of preservation,

It considered to be the outstanding example of the Ptolemaic temple building in Egypt.


Temple of Edfu Architecture

The construction of the Temple of Horus in its current form began extremely late, in 237 BC,

Who discovered the Temple of Edfu?

During the reign of Ptolemy III Euergetes I, officially opened 95 years later, in 142 BC, by Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II.

By the time Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysus opened the temple for the second and last time in 70 BC,

It had finished except the boundary wall, main courtyard, and the pylon.

The temple formally finished in 57 BC with the placement of the wooden doors at the main entrance,

Which located between the two pylons, Read more about Private Tour to Kom Ombo & Edfu Temples from Aswan

The first core of the temple, on the other hand, dates back far further,

With reports of a first sanctuary in Edfu dating back to at least the Third Dynasty.

The Temple of Horus at Edfu constructed and decorated over 180 years, which was the longest period in history.


The sanctuary of the temple

The sanctuary of the temple was the holiest and most significant component of the structure.

It housed the holy figures of Horus and Hathor, which carried about in processions.

Constructed of black granite and positioned at the rear of the temple,

Where it is one of the few remaining remnants of an earlier temple dedicated to Horus.

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who built the temple of edfu?

Approximately one hundred years before the commencement of the building of the current temple of Horus, Nectanebo II (360-343 BC)

Constructed a shrine on the site of the current temple of Horus.

The sanctuary door’s frame etched with hymns that were chanted in the morning Details About Egypt Nile Cruises

Before the bronze doors of the sanctuary opened to awake Horus and the other gods who were sleeping in their respective chapels.

Horus and the other gods roused by the sound of the songs.


Temple of Horus facts

A round well, located beyond the temple’s perimeter wall, may find to the east of the structure.

It may access through a series of steps that begins within the enclosure, continues beneath the wall,

And eventually lead to the exterior of the temple building, You can also read about Egypt vacation packages

What was the Temple built for?

To provide the temple with water, which also required for daily cleansing ceremonies, the well built.

Although it was a Nilometer, which used to measure the height of the yearly flooding of the river in practice,

It was also a valuable instrument in preventing floods in the real world.

For the inclined ladder, the steps cut into the wall so that they could use to measure the rise of the water table.

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