the pyramids of cheops

The Great Pyramid of Cheops

Why is it called Pyramid of Cheops?

The Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Khufu, also known to history by the Greek name of Cheops , is the oldest – and the last remaining – of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This name called because it was built for King Khufu to be his tomb after his death.

Cheops Pyramid
The Great Pyramid khufu

Most asked questions about Cheops pyramid:

Here are some of the most important questions most people ask about cheops pyramid

1-Where is the great pyramid of Cheops?

Cheops Pyramid is Located in Giza, a suburb of Cairo, Egypt, it is the largest of the discovered pyramids.

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2-When was the great pyramid of Cheops built?

The Pyramid of Khufu is the tomb of Khufu, the second king of the Fourth Dynasty, built around 2690 BC.

3-How old is the Pyramid of Cheops?

Egyptologists believe the pyramid erected as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, the second ruler of the Fourth Dynasty who reigned for around 20 years.

Khufu’s Great Pyramid was built about 2560 BC and was 481 feet tall at the time (455 feet today due to the removal of its outer casing and capstone).

For over 4,000 years, the pyramid has thought to be the world’s highest artificial monument. It is the biggest and oldest of the three pyramids on the Giza site, symbolizing ancient Egypt’s grandeur.

4-How tall is the great pyramid of Cheops?

originally 146.5 meters high, due to weathering, the top peeled off 10 meters, and is now 136.5 meters high; the base is more than 230 meters long on each side, with a triangular slope of 51 degrees, and the base area of the tower is 52,900 square meters; the tower body is made of 2.3 million pieces of limestone and granite seamlessly stacked together, each piece of stone weighs 2.5 tons on average. Each stone weighs 2.5 tons on average, with a total weight of 6 million tons.

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Cheops Pyramid
the Great Pyramid of Cheops

5-What are the dimensions of the great pyramid of Cheops?

The entire pyramid is built on a huge convex rock, covering an area of about 52,900 square meters, with a volume of about 2.6 million cubic meters. Its four sides are facing the four directions of the southeast and northwest. It is said that it took 100,000 people 20 years to build the Pyramid of Khufu.

The Pyramid of Khufu consists of several parts: the entrance, a downward passage, an underground chamber, an upward passage, a large corridor, the tombs of the pharaohs and queens, and ventilation shafts.

The entrance:

The surface of the Pyramid of Khufu is covered with a layer of smooth limestone, and its entrance is hidden below the surface of the limestone so that no trace of it can be seen from the outside. There are boulders placed in the doorway.
Entering the pyramid is a 26-degree inclined downward ramp, and going straight down will lead to another upward ramp; straight down is a 350-foot long downward ramp to the base of the pyramid. At the end of the passage is a stone chamber located 600 feet directly below the pyramid. The upper ramp is a 26-degree upward passage.

Cheops Pyramid
Entrance to The Pyramid of Cheops

6-What is inside the Pyramid of Cheops?

The Grand Gallery:

At the top of the ramp is the Grand Gallery, or “Grand Canal”, which also climbs upward at an angle of 26 degrees. Below the Great Canal is another horizontal passage leading south, 3 feet 9 inches in height and 127 feet in length, leading directly to the so-called “Queen’s Chamber”; the floor of the Great Canal is 6 feet 9 inches wide and the walls are 7 feet 6 inches high, followed by seven layers of stone blocks, each extending inward 3 inches to the top. The height reaches 28 feet. The walls of the great tunnel, which is 153 feet long, are made of giant polished limestone slabs that are tightly joined.

Cheops pyramid
The tunnel inside the Great Pyramid of Cheops

The Queen’s Chamber:

The Queen’s Chamber has been empty since the excavation of the pyramids, and the purpose of the chamber has remained a mystery. Initially, some pyramid researchers believed that the Queen’s Chamber was used to bury the queen of Khufu.

Later, it was generally believed that the chamber was built to bury a statue that symbolized the “spirit” of Khufu.
Pharaoh’s burial chamber

At the end of the large tunnel is the Pharaoh’s burial chamber. The entrance, only 3 feet 6 inches high and less than 4 feet from the entrance, is a “vestibule”, 12 feet high and about 10 feet long. There are four longitudinal channels running horizontally.

Three of them are recessed all the way to the ground, and the fourth is dug only to the height of the entrance roof, with a huge basalt slab 6 feet high and 9 inches thick embedded in the recess, blocking the front of the entrance and leaving only 21 inches of space.

All that remains of the pharaoh’s burial chamber is a red granite sarcophagus, where Huff’s body is presumed to have been stored.

Ventilation Shaft:

The ventilation shaft leads from the chambers of the pharaoh and queen and is 9 inches wide and 8 inches high. The ventilation shaft connected to the pharaoh’s chamber leads to the outside of the pyramid.

There are many unanswered questions about the Pyramid of Khufu, which can be summarized into three categories.

Mystery of Numbers :

  • The Great Pyramid conceals a variety of magical numbers and even conceals the entire history and future of mankind. For example.
  • The weight of the pyramid × 1015 = the weight of the earth.
  • Height of the pyramid × 1 billion = distance from the Earth to the Sun (150 million km).
  • circumference of the base of the pyramid × 2 = minutes of the equator.
  • circumference of the base of the pyramid ÷ (height of the tower × 2) = circumference (π = 3.14159).
  • The longitudinal bisector extending in the center of the base is the meridian of the Earth, which divides the Earth’s continents and oceans into two equal halves.
  • The base of the pyramid is located right at the center of the gravitational attraction of the Earth’s continents.
  • The size of the Great Pyramid is very similar in scale to the size of the Earth’s northern hemisphere.
  • The position of the axis of the Earth’s poles changes every day, but after a cycle of 25827 years, it returns to its original position, and the sum of the diagonals of the pyramids is exactly the strange number 25826.6.

The mystery of magic:

People found that the pyramids have magical power, can make the tower of animal carcasses into mummies, food is not to rot, blades remain sharp, flowers can always bloom, and so on.
In the 1940s, Frenchman Bouffier discovered that the pyramid-shaped structure produced invisible, special energy, called “pyramid energy”. It is speculated that this energy may be the source of the pyramid’s magic power.

The mystery of the construction:

  • The Great Pyramid, one of the greatest and oldest buildings in human history, has always been astonished by its technical excellence and the precision of its positioning: on a base with an average side length of 9,063 inches, the error rate of the four sides of the pyramid is less than 1%; the “right-angle technique”, one of the most difficult problems of modern architecture, was applied to the construction of the pyramid’s corners to achieve an error of “2 seconds”; although the pyramid was not built on the 30th parallel, it was still very close to 29 degrees, 58 minutes and 51 seconds, and the slight error was intentionally added.
  • There are many different opinions as to who built such a magnificent project. There are four common explanations.
  • Speculation 1: The crystallization of the blood and sweat of millions of slaves
  • Conjecture 2: The result of concrete pouring
  • Speculation 3: The legacy of a lost civilization
  • Speculation 4: The masterpiece of an extraterrestrial civilization

The Great Pyramid of Cheops Facts:

  • The Khufu’s Pyramid is situated just outside of Giza, Egypt.
  • The Khufu’s Pyramid constructed more than 1,200 years before King Tut’s reign.
  • They built the great pyramid of Giza after the red pyramid.
  • Giza’s Great Pyramid is 481 feet tall.
  • For thousands of years, it was the highest artificial structure on the planet.
  • The pyramid’s interior is divided into three rooms.
  • The pyramid was constructed with over 2.3 million stone pieces.

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Cheops Pyramid
The khufu pyramid of Giza

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